Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Air Charter GLOSSARY

Great for Beginner Air Charter Brokers or for reference:

Air Charter Broker:


The air charter broker represents your interests when dealing with air charter operators and other trip service providers, and acts as an agent and flight coordinator from the very beginning of the flight planning of the trip to to the conclusion of the air charter trip.

Airway Distance:

The actual (as opposed to straight line) distance flown by the aircraft between two points, after deviations required by air traffic control and navigation along published routes. The difference between this and straight line distance will vary throughout the country. Average figures would be between 5-9%.

ARO:

Airport Reservation Office. Staffed by the FAA, this entity allocates landing and takeoff reservations for unscheduled aircraft in and out of the following airports: JFK, LGA, EWR, DCA, ORD (see airport identifier listings for codes). Since these allocations are scarce and granted 48 hours in advance on a "first-come first served" basis, travel to these five airports may be difficult by business jet charters.


A lower "contract rate" for scheduling significant amounts of air charter (applies to business jet charters and private jet rental) time in advance on a prearranged agreement.

Block Speed:

The average speed over a specific distance "block-to block", or door-to-door with respect to the airport gate.

Certificate:

FAA-issued license (in this context sometimes referred to as ticket, Part 135 license, etc.) to carry passengers for hire.

Commuter Operator:

A regional, scheduled airline. In this book limited to that operator with adequate fleet capacity as to be available of charter. Not all commuter airlines charter, because of the limitations of aircraft and crew availability.

Corporate Operator:

A company flight department which has earned a "Part 135" certificate to carry passengers for compensation.

Cruise Speed:

Cruise speed is the normal speed attained at altitude once the aircraft is no longer climbing and is en route.

Deadhead:

Originally a noun, now a verb meaning to fly the return leg of a trip without cargo or passengers. Originally coined during the infancy of the major airlines, the term was pejoratively applied to company employees or spouses, who were strapped into otherwise empty seats to give the appearance of high business volume.

Duty Time:

That portion of the day when a crew member is on duty in any capacity (not just in the air). This can be a constraint on long day-trips, as there are FAA-imposed limits on the amount of time allowed on duty. Many charter operators have stricter rules, so it pays to inquire before planning a trip too tight to the limit.

Empty Leg (i.e. dead leg, one way leg):


When a one way air charter flight is booked, many times, the aircraft has to return to it's original airport. In a case like this, the plane will be flying empty. This is known as an empty leg flight. Empty leg flights for private jet charter are usually offered at discounted price to the charter customer.

FBO:

Fixed base operator, which represents a large majority of the air charter industry. By definition at a permanent location, this is a vendor of services, maintenance, fuel, flight instruction, and aircraft sales, in addition to charter.

Fleet Manager:

A commercial aviation entity developed to subcontract the maintenance and operation of corporate aircraft, which are often chartered out to the general public.

Flight Time:

That portion of the trip actually spent in the air. For billing purposes this definition is generally strict and only applies from moment of liftoff to moment of touchdown.

Fractional Aircraft Ownership:


Fractional aircraft ownership was created to attract business jet charter clients who are not interested in paying for the expenses of owning an entire aircraft, but would like some ownership interest, control and access to a private business aircraft at reduced hourly rates. Fractional owners pay an acquisition fee (typically 1/16 of the value of the aircraft), a monthly management fee, plus an hourly rate typically equal to the direct operating costs of the aircraft. This is a good alternative to private jet rental for heavy users of business jet charters.

GADO:

General Aviation District Office of the FAA is the most local branch of the FAA, also the entity most likely to know the specific history of a charter operator.

General Aviation:

That portion of aviation other than military or commercial scheduled operations. Commercial unscheduled operations, corporate flight operations, and private aviation are the most conspicuous members of this group. Most major metropolitan airports ten to have a separate "general aviation" terminal, where a chartered flight is likely to depart or arrive.

Great Circle Distance:

The shortest distance between two points on a globe. All distances shown in distance tables in the Air Charter Guide are "great circle distance".

IATA-code

International Air Transport Association (IATA), a 3-letter identifier for the relevant airport.

ICAO-code

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) code, a 4-letter airport location indicator.

IFR:

"Instrument Flight Rules", flight in instrument meteorology conditions, ("flight in the clouds").

ILS:

Instrument Landing System- low level approach equipment at certain airports. Airports with ILS systems are indicated in bold face type in the airport listings. Though instrument approaches and departures can be made in airports without an ILS, its presence is a material benefit to the travel planner because an instrument landing system improves trip reliability as closely as possible to the level of scheduled airlines, which generally fly from airports with these facilities.

Independent Operator:

A charter operator that does not meet the definition of FBO or commuter, but may not be involved in contract management of aircraft. The larger independent operators, however, are very close to the fleet manager in business approach.

Layover:

A night spent in the middle of the trip in a city other than home base for the aircraft and crew.

Medevac:

Medical evacuation (usually emergency), ambulance flight service of many helicopter and jet charter companies.

Positioning/Reposition:

Ferrying aircraft for departure from other than originating airport. (Applies also for return flight). This extra charge needs to be considered in private jet rental.

Propjet( "turbo prop"):

A propeller driven airplane, in which the engine is a jet turbine rather than piston driven.

Ramp:

The apron or open "tarmac" in front of an FBO or terminal facility. This space is busy, used for deplanement, parking of aircraft, etc. Some facilities will permit automobiles to drive to the aircraft on the ramp, a feature of real benefit to the traveler with heavy or bulky luggage.

Stage Length:

Distance of itinerary non-stop leg.

Taxi Time:

That portion of the trip spent rolling between the gate, terminal, or ramp and runway.

VFR:

"Visual Flight Rules" (flight out of clouds).

Waiting Time:

That time that the chartered aircraft and crew must wait on the ground during any portion of the trip.

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